Check out the guide here to see a list of some of Iowa’s most popular native prairie plants. Echinacea purpurea … Learn about Iowa's native and invasive plants Interesting in the snow, too. Plant Narcissus in large drifts of 10 or more for best effect. These perennials, unless otherwise noted, are a convenient medium size, grow a foot or two high and/or a foot or two across. Plants have serrated, lance-shaped leaves, purple … But I bit the bullet and did it. I also chose a variety of flowers that will bloom from early April through the end of October so that you can have something blooming in your garden all growing season long. Excellent interplanted with tulips. favorite flowers is difficult. A stand of Convallaria majalis makes passerby stop to appreciate its sweet fragrance in May or June. Excellent to get from friends, but also invest in some of the gorgeous new types, especially the crinkled single types. Siberian iris. Size depends on the type of cultivar. Let foliage fade on plant. The Iowa Native Plant Society is a forum for plant enthusiasts, gardeners, and professional botanists to exchange ideas and information, and to work together to: encourage conservation and ethical use of Iowa's plants; promote education about Iowa's plants, their habitats and cultural habits, and the preservation of these plants … Weeds grow much faster in the first couple of years. This guide is designed to enable those who want to go beyond the most common plants to identify native … Blooms in June and July. US Wildflower's Database of Wildflowers for Iowa, Click on thumbnail for larger version of image, scientific name for detail page. Spreads rapidly, especially in more moist conditions. Our native plants are sold in two sizes: 7 per pack or 84 per tray. Plant in drifts. The Tallgrass Prairie Center's "Plant Iowa Native" initiative is about connecting people with native plant resources. Try a variety of hostas. Each flower blooms just one day, but the plant produces so many it seems to bloom a long time. The foliage looks great all season long with beautiful delicate flowers in late May to early June. Try blue crinkled types and those with creamy, subtle variations in greens, creams, and yellows. While the activities of Iowa's indigenous people did affect the region's ecosystems, it wasn't until the mid-1800s that large-scale habitat alteration and the introduction of non-native plants … (Can't have too much compost!) Native forbs, or flowers, bloom throughout the season and attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Fancy cousins of the native prairie flower, garden asters are September bloomers. adapted from : Iowa State University Forestry Extension: Trees & Shrubs Native to Iowa; Ames, IA, 2001 Michael A. Dirr: Manual of Woody Landscape Plants; Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, … Still, if you don’t do that, they're not likely to die out.). It is most commonly found in moist meadows and marshes in northeastern Iowa. The Iowa Native Plant Society is a forum for plant enthusiasts, gardeners, and professional botanists to exchange ideas and information. Excellent to get as divisions from a friend. The … A showy groundcover, it spreads readily with ideal conditions and ample, but not too much, moisture. Blooms in September. Spreads rapidly to the point of being invasive. In late August and September, when everything else is tired-looking, Rudbeckia fulgida ‘Goldsturm’ bursts into bloom and looks delightfully fresh. Hits 3 to 4 feet tall. Eupatorium purpureum hits up to 6 foot and the “chocolate” type is striking with dark maroon stems and deep rose flowers. Stella de Oro, a miniature, is one of the longest bloomers. If I could have just 20 perennials flowers in my garden for both sun and shade, these are the ones I'd It is a very tall, upright, clump-forming perennial that typically grows 6-8' … Doesn’t like too much shade. Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum) is a tall, native perennial. Since they are native to the state, woodland wildflowers are completely hardy. Deadhead regularly. Native plants and wildflowers are attractive in small garden areas as well as larger expanses of land that are not cropped or mowed. Pale Purple Coneflower is locally common in prairie remnants throughout Iowa. without express permission from The Iowa Gardener. While ‘Autumn Joy’ is the most common, try other less tall sedums, such as ‘Brilliant’. Often mistaken for astilbe, but this woodland native plant is taller (4 to 6 feet) and less needy about water. Pink or white flowers in June or July. Photographs courtesy of Bailey Nurseries except daffodils © Elina Elisseeva/fotolia, creeping phlox © Canoner/fotolia, lily-of-the-valley © jfgrave/fotolia, and bluebells © Anyka/fotolia. iowa plants. This list is provided as a public service and constitutes no endorsement by the TPC. Plant in drifts of three or more for best impact. Divide ‘Autumn Joy’ every two years to prevent flopping. And, as with most perennials, they like rich, well-drained soil with plenty of compost worked in. (However, some, to look good and bloom their best, need watering in late July through September. The common type can be dug and shared, but do try the stunning special cultivars in blues, pinks, and yellows.Blooms in May. A good spreader; great to get from friends and family. Creates a gorgeous blue mist of bloom. Excellent to get from friends, but also... Purple coneflower. Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian Turnip, Jack in the Pulpit, Jimsonweed, Jamestown Weed, Mad Apple, Moon Flower, Stinkwort, Thorn Apple, Devil's Trumpet, Spotted Joe Pye Weed, Purple Boneset, Spotted Trumpetweed, Bachelor's Button, Bluebottle, Cornflower, Garden Cornflower, Ladies' Tresses, Northern Slender Lady's Tresses, Southern Slender Ladies' Tresses, Yellow Ladyslipper, Lesser Yellow Lady's Slipper, Greater Yellow Lady's Slipper, Small Flowered Yellow Lady's Slipper, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur, Glade Larkspur, Prairie Larkspur, Pine Woods Larkspur, Whiteflower Leafcup, White Bear's Foot, Smallflower Leafcup, Western Virgin's Bower, Western Blue Virginsbower, Mountain Clematis, Purple Clematis, Purple Virgin's-bower, Virgin's Bower, Devil's Darning Needles, Old Man's Beard, Woodland Lettuce, Florida Blue Lettuce, False Lettuce, Obedient Plant, False Dragonhead, Obedience, Ontario Lobelia, Brook Lobelia, Bog Lobelia, Kalm's Lobelia, Purple Loosestrife, Rosy Strife, Kill Weed, American Lotus, Water Lotus, Water Chinquapin, Yellow Lotus, Northern Maidenhair, Five-Fingered Maidenhair Fern, False Solomon's Seal, Feathery False Lily of the Valley, Solomon's Plume, Starry False Solomon's Seal, Starry False Lily of the Valley, Starflower False Solomon's Seal Star-flowered Solomon's Plume, Pineapple Weed, Wild Chamomile, Rayless Chamomile, Disc Mayweed, Skunk Meadow Rue, Waxyleaf Meadowrue, Purple Meadow-rue, Butterfly Milkweed, Butterfly Weed, Pleurisy Root, Orange Milkweed, Swamp Milkweed, Western Swamp Milkweed, Pink Milkweed, Eastern Swamp Milkweed, Drumheads, Crossleaf Milkwort, Candy Root, Rose Vervain, Rose Mock Vervain, Rose Verbena, Sweet William, Clump Verbena, Sharpwing Monkey Flower, Winged Monkeyflower, Wild Potato Vine, Man of the Earth, Wild Sweet Potato, Bigroot Morning Glory, Small Red Morning Glory, Redstar, Starflower, Scarlet Morningglory, Small White Morning Glory, Whitestar, Pitted Morningglory, Ivyleaf Morning Glory, Entireleaf Morningglory, Small Morning Glory, Common Mullein, Great Mullein, Cowboy Toilet Paper, Flannel-plant, Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil's Tomato, Climbing Nightshade, Bittersweet Nightshade, Woody Nightshade, European Bittersweet, Fellenwort, Blue Nightshade, Three Bird Orchid, Threebirds, Nodding Pogonia, Nodding Ettercap, Glade Onion, Prairie Onion, Cliff Onion, Autumn Onion, Lady's Leek, Wild Onion, Nodding Wild Onion, Nodding Onion, Allegheny Onion, Partridgeberry, Partridge Berry, Sqaw Vine, Eyeberry, Perennial Pea, Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea, Pearly Everlasting, Western Pearly Everlasting, Beefsteak Plant, Beefsteak Mint, Perilla Mint, Small Periwinkle, Common Periwinkle, Dwarf Periwinkle, Lesser Periwinkle, Creeping Myrtle, Wild Blue Phlox, Woodland Phlox, Sweet William, Louisiana Phlox, Cleft Phlox, Glade Phlox, Ten-point Phlox, Sand Phlox, Starry Cleft Phlox, Pickerelweed, Lanceleaf Pickerelweed, Heartleaf Pickerelweed, Pickerel Rush, Narrowleaf Plantain, English Plantain, Buckhorn, Lanceleaf Plantain, Ribwort, Buckhorn, Ribgrass, Virginia Plantain, Dwarf Plantain, Southern Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Paleseed Indianwheat, Chokecherry, Western Chokecherry, Black Chokecherry, Bristle Thistle, Musk Thistle, Nodding Thistle, Nodding Plumeless Thistle, American Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Inkberry, Poke Sallet, Pinnate Prairie Coneflower, Yellow Coneflower, Grayhead Coneflower, Mexican Hat, Long-Headed Coneflower, Red Coneflower, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Thimbleflower, Eastern Prickly Pear, Low Prickly Pear Cactus, Devil's Tongue, Indian Fig, Common Eastern Prickly Pear, Seedbox, Smooth Seedbox, Bushy Seedbox, Rattle-box, Square-pod Water-primrose, Creeping Water Primrose, Floating Primrose-Willow, Water-primrose, Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower, Great Ragweed, Buffalo Weed, Horseweed, Giant Ragweed, Tall Ambrosia, Common Ragweed, Annual Ragweed, Small Ragweed, Roman Wormwood, Butterweed, Yellowtop, Cressleaf Groundsel, Floodplain Ragwort, Downy Rattlesnake Plantain, Downy Rattlesnake Orchid, Adder's Violet, Net-leaf Plantain, Smooth Rockcress, Common Smooth Rock Cress, Dame's Rocket, Damask Violet, Night-scented Gilliflower, Queen's Gilliflower, Mother-of-the-evening, Summer Lilac, Woods Rose, Common Wild Rose, Mountain Rose, Prairie Rose, Climbing Rose, Climbing Prairie Rose, Climbing Wild Rose, Illinois Rose, Michigan Rose, Allegheny Serviceberry, Smooth Serviceberry, Shooting Star, Prairie Pointers, Eastern Shooting Star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Showy Orchis, Showy Orchid, Purple-hooded Orchid, Gay Orchid, Purple Orchis, Two-leaved orchis, Small Skullcap, Dwarf Skullcap, Little Skullcap, Water Knotweed, Swamp Smartweed, Water Smartweed, Dotted Smartweed, Dotted Knotweed, Water Smartweed, Bitterweed, Bitter Sneezeweed, Yellowdicks, Autumn Sneezeweed, Common Sneezeweed, False Sunflower, Staggerwort, Yellow Star, Bouncing Bet, Common Soapwort, Crow Soap, Wild Sweet William, Soapweed, Bird's Eye Speedwell, Persian Speedwell, Birdeye Speedwell, Winter Speedwell, Water Speedwell, Sessile Water-speedwell, Brook-pimpernell, Blue Water Speedwell, Northern Spicebush, Wild Allspice, Common Spicebush, Burningbush, Eastern Wahoo, Spindle Tree, Indian Arrow-Wood, White Meadowsweet, Narrowleaf Meadowsweet, Eastern Meadowsweet, Broadleaf Meadowsweet, Virginia Spring Beauty, Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty, Flowering Spurge, Blooming Spurge, Emetic Root, Wild Poinsettia, Mexican Fireplant, Fire on the Mountain, Painted Euphorbia, Desert Poinsettia, Snow-on-the-Mountain, Mountain Snow Spurge, Spotted St. Johnswort, Black Dotted St. Johnswort, Woodland Stonecrop, Wild Stonecrop, Woods Stonecrop, Hoary Puccoon, Orange Puccoon, Indian Paint, Crane's Bill Geranium, Redstem Stork's Bill, Storksbill, Redstem Filaree, Heron's Bill, Winged Sumac, Shining Sumac, Flameleaf Sumac, Dwarf Sumac, Eastern Winged Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Squawbush, Skunkbush, Lemon Sumac, Polecat Bush, Thinleaf Sunflower, Ten-petal Sunflower, Forest Sunflower, Pale Sunflower, Jerusalem Artichoke, Jerusalem Sunflower, Sunchoke, Girasole, Common Sunflower, Kansas Sunflower, Mirasol, Yellow Sweetclover, Yellow Melilot, Common Melilot, Field Melilot, Cornilla Real, White Sweetclover, White Sweetclover, White Melilot, Honey-Clover, Bokhara Clover, Longstyle Sweetroot, Sweet Anise, Aniseroot, Common Tansy, Golden Buttons, Bitter Buttons, Cow Bitter, Garden Tansy, Late-Flowering Thoroughwort, Late-Flowering Boneset, Boneset, Common Boneset, Feverwort, Indian Sage, Wild Isaac, Nakedflower Ticktrefoil, Naked-Flowered Tick Trefoil, Naked-stemmed Tick Clover, Butter-and-eggs, Common Toadflax, Yellow Toadflax, Wild Snapdragon, Jewelweed, Touch-me-not, Spotted jewelweed, Trailing Arbutus, Ground Laurel, Mayflower, Plymouth Mayflower, Bird's Foot Trefoil, Birdfoot Deervetch, Bloomfell, Cat's Clover, Crowtoes, Ground Honeysuckle, White Trillium, Nodding Wakerobin, Bent White Trillium, Bent Trillium, Drooping Trillium, Declined Trillium, Trumpet Creeper, Cow Itch, Hell Vine, Devil's Shoestring, Narrowleaf Collomia, Tiny Trumpet, Narrow-leaf Mountain Trumpet, Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar, Tuliptree, Tulip Magnolia, Twinleaf, Helmet Pod, Ground Squirrel Pea, Venus' Looking Glass, Clasping Bellwort, Clasping Venus' Looking Glass, Roundleaved Triodanis, Crown Vetch, Purple Crown Vetch, Axseed, Hive Vine, Common Blue Violet, Confederate Violet, Dooryard Violet, Meadow Violet, Lanceleaf Violet, Bog White Violet, Strapleaf Violet, Viper's Bugloss, Blueweed, Blue Devil, Blue Borage, Common Echium, Northern Bugleweed, Northern Water Horehound, Broad-leaf Waterleaf ; Bluntleaf Waterleaf, Maple-leaf Waterleaf, American White Water Lily, Fragrant Water Lily, White Water Lily, Slender Yellow Woodsorrel, Southern Yellow Wood-sorrel, Dillen's Oxalis, Wild Yam, Yam Root, Colic Root, Whorled Wild Yam. 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