All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The Kasbah and mosque in the town of Semara (Smara) are among the major Muslim monuments in Western Sahara. Travel to El Aaiun, Capital city of Western Sahara. A former Spanish colony, it was annexed by Morocco in 1975. Most of the buildings constructed between 1989 and 1991 through foreign aid in preparation for a referendum and return of Sahrawi refugees were destroyed by the Royal Moroccan Air Force in 1991. Some countries around the world do recognize the SADR as an independent nation. For the city in north-eastern Morocco, see, Place in Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra, Western Sahara, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014", http://citypopulation.de/WesternSahara.html, "Diplomacy over Western Sahara: 'Morocco v Algeria'"", El colegio español en El Aaiún pide ciclo de secundaria, "First foreign diplomatic post opens in Western Sahara", "Gabon Opens Consulate General in Laayoune", "Sao Tome and Principe Inaugurates Consulate General in Laayoune", "Central African Republic Opens Consulate General in Laayoune", "Cote d'Ivoire Opens General Consulate in Morocco's Laayoune", "Burundi Opens General Consulate in Laayoune", "Eswatini Opens Consulate General in Laayoune, Southern Morocco", "Zambia Opens Consulate General in Morocco's Laayoune", "UAE Officially Opens Consulate General in Morocco's Laayoune", "Renewing the twining agreement between Central Algiers and Wilaya of El Aaiun", "Balance del viaje realizado por representantes municipales al Sahara", "Official website for Malaga's candidature for European capital of culture in 2016", "El Ayuntamiento de Lorca denuncia la agresión de Marruecos contra el Pueblo Saharaui", Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laayoune&oldid=989288242, 1938 establishments in the Spanish Empire, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from February 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Hassaniyya-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 03:19. Laayoune became the capital of the Spanish Sahara … In total, the population of the country reaches 510.7 thousand inhabitants. The must see and do in the city. The town has a few administrative buildings and a hospital. Croatia’s Foreign Minister Gordan Grlic Radman stated his country “welcomes” Morocco’s commitment to the 1991 Western Sahara ceasefire. By John Misachi on December 10 2018 in World Facts. Western Sahara has had two capital cities in its history; Tifariti and Laayoune. The city is administered by Morocco under the supervision of the … The consulate will be located in Western Sahara’s largest city of Laayoune and will make Jordan just the second Arab state with a diplomatic mission in the Morocco-administered area. There is a Spanish international school, Colegio Español La Paz, owned by the Spanish government. For example, it had been the … The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic with an exiled government seated earlier in Tindouf, Algeria, administered Bir Lehlou as the temporary capital of the SADR, as long as the Sahrawi capital of El-Aaiun is under Moroccan control. On October 30, at the UN Security Council, the US expressed support for the UN-led political process in Western Sahara and urged the conflicting parties to … The United Nations considers Western Sahara a non-decolonized, non-self-governing territory. The city is a hub for fishing and for phosphate mining in the region. In 1940, Spain designated it as the capital of the Spanish Sahara Western Sahara: Statement of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, H.E. Laayoune (El Aaiún) is the largest city. The modern city is thought to have been founded by the Spanish captain Antonio de Oro in 1938. For other uses, see, "El Aioun" redirects here. The club plays in the Moroccan Premier League, the highest football league in the country. What Is The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara). Laâyoune or El Aaiún are respectively the French and Spanish transliterations of the Maghrebi Arabic name Layoun which means "the water springs". Laayoune (El Aaiún) is the largest city. Against the backdrop of the ongoing military confrontation between the armed forces of Morocco and the POLISARIO Liberation Front of the Western Sahara, the … The complex situation of the disputed territory of Western Sahara explained. Western Sahara does not have an official national capital. A former Spanish colony, it was annexed by Morocco in 1975. It is a growing economic hub. Some countries around the world do recognize the SADR as an independent nation. Laâyoune (El Aaiún) is the capital of the Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra region administered by Morocco under the supervision of the UN peace-keeping mission in Western Sahara (MINURSO). Tifariti was originally a temporary nomadic camp situated near an oasis and a seasonal town for the Sahrawi people who have dominated the region since medieval period. Western Sahara is virtually all desert and is very sparsely inhabited. El Aaiun is city in northern Western Sahara and capital of Sahwari Arab Democratic Republic that was previously the capital of Spanish Sahara and has a population approaching 200,000. Prices for flights and hotels in El Aaiun. The current status quo allows Morocco access to most of its southern provinces with little conflict. As an independent nation, the capital of this region is Tifariti. The population density in Western Sahara is 2 per Km 2 (6 people per mi 2). Western Sahara is a disputed non-self-governing territory in northwest Africa.It is sandwiched between Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the south and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. "Ayun" redirects here. Demonym(s) Western Saharan: Disputed sovereignty 1 El Aaiún (Laayoune): Western Sahara’s largest city, with a population of roughly 195,000, was founded by the Spanish in 1928 and has been under Moroccan control since 1976. Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory on the northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. The earliest known inhabitants of Western Sahara were the Gaetuli. Laâyoune (/lɑːˈjuːn/ lah-YOON,[2][3] also UK: /laɪˈ-/ ly-,[4] French: [la.ajun]) or El Aaiún (/ˌɛl aɪˈ(j)uːn/ EL eye-(Y)OON,[3][5][6] Spanish: [el (a)aˈʝun]; Hassaniya Arabic: لعيون, romanized: Laʕyūn/Elʕyūn; Berber languages: ⵍⵄⵢⵓⵏ, romanized: Leɛyun; Literary Arabic: العيون‎, romanized: al-ʿUyūn, lit. In 2015 the parents' association, Asociación de Madres, Padres y Tutores de Alumnos del Colegio Español La Paz (AMPA), asked for the establishment of secondary education so their children would not have to go to Las Palmas or Morocco to continue their education.[14]. Laayoune was designated the capital of Spanish Sahara in 1940 by the Spanish. The Spanish later settled in the area and used it as a military camp. Since the proclamation of the ceasefire, the government has continuously worked at establishing and improving the infrastructure. The city is administered by Morocco under the supervision of the United Nations peacekeeping mission. Bir Lehlou is an oasis town in north-eastern Western Sahara, 236 km from Smara, near the Mauritanian border and east of the border wall, in Polisario Front-held territory. It occupies a 17,000-square-metre (180,000 sq ft) property. Western Sahara: a Country or Part of Morocco? As an independent nation, the capital of this region is Tifariti. Cape Bojador The following are cities in Western Sahara, listed by population. The town was bombed severally by Royal Moroccan Air Force in August 1991, just days before the proclamation of the ceasefire, destroying most of the buildings. [15] In January 2020, Gabon opened a consulate general in Laayoune. The territory of Western Sahara is disputed: Most of its parts are currently annexed by Morocco.The area east of the Moroccan Wall is controlled by the Democratic Arabian Republic Sahara (R.A.S.D. 2014年1月のモロッコ/西サハラ旅行から It has been the capital of the region since 2011 and is the headquarters of the 2nd military region of the SADR. It is the head of the 5th military region of the … Western Sahara, a Territory on the north-west coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania and Algeria, was administered by Spain until 1976. Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa. Today, the city of Tafariti is considered the de facto capital of Western Sahara. [citation needed] The claimed capital of the SADR is former Western Sahara capital El-Aaiún, while the temporary capital moved from Bir Lehlou to Tifariti in 2008. 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