At this time, males may become extremely aggressive with each other, and violent fights may occur. With its single horn and heavily pleated skin, the Javan rhino, also known as the Lesser one-horned rhino, looks and acts very much like the Indian rhino. They have thick, bare skin, which is sometimes arranged over their bodies like plates of armor, barrel-like bodies, gigantic heads, and incredible horns protruding from their faces. A detail of a rhino eye. the second largest rhino species, but is sometimes considered the largest. Secondary. one of the rarest large mammals in the world. Both male and female rhinos of most species have horns, and in the black and white rhino, the females front horn is often longer, although thinner, than the males. The Sumatran rhino is the smallest of the five rhino species, with individuals rarely reaching 10 feet in length or more than 4 1/2 to 5 feet at the shoulder. The rhino is the second largest land animal after the elephant. From Contributor (separated by comma) within editors' choice. But the trade remains a healthy one, and international efforts may not be enough to save the rhino in the wild. Rhinoceros skin is over an inch thick in some parts of the body. While they are distinct species, it’s not the color that sets them apart. This is the second largest rhino species, but is sometimes considered the largest. Contributor. One encouraging point about poaching in Nepal and throughout Asia, is a trend since the late 1980's towards the use of liquid and powdered rhinoceros urine in place of rhino blood, for medicines to treat asthma, lung ailments and fever. a white rhino horn could be worth $100,000 dollars, Approximately 500 poachers were shot and killed by authorities. They do this by studying the cones in the eye, which determine color sensitivity. The black rhino is smaller and more aggressive, with a small, hook-shaped mouth designed for feeding on shrubbery. The Black rhino may be called black because they often cover themselves with very dark mud. Did you know that the wrong choice of background color for your computer screen can lead to eye strain?. The top lip is soft and mobile while the bottom lip is stiffer and serves to shear grass blades very close to the ground. Rhinoceroses spend over 12 hours a day foraging and grazing across their territory. “The rhino is a homely beast, / For human eyes he’s not a feast. Rhino for Windows. The black rhino probably got its name, not from its color, but as a label to distinguish it from the white rhino. CANCEL APPLY. These are life changing numbers, and the temptation is worth the risk for many poachers finding a way out of poverty, and usually being exploited by other players. It is occasionally suggested that rhinos have "extra ribs", but they actually have 18 pairs, which is the same number of ribs that horses have. Some suggest that the name “white” came from a mistranslation from the Afrikaan language “weird” to indicate the wide lip that characterizes white rhinos as opposed to the hook-shaped lip of black rhinos. Females usually have their first birth at 5 or 6 years old. The two types of existing African rhinos are both gray. The origin of their name isn't really understood, because, like the white rhino, the black rhinos skin is also grey. White Rhino in the bush. They’re the same color, with physical disparities being their primary differences. Some zoos and nature preserves collect the urine and supply it for free, which may have an impact on poaching. The largest of all the rhinos, the white rhino can reach over 6 … The African rhinos can be 6 feet tall at the shoulder and average about 3000 pounds. Usually, animals will depend on these senses in combination (that is, they will hear a noise and then look for the source of it, using their ears and eyes, for example). 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