Around 75 CE under the leadership of Kujula Kadphises they gained control of Gandhara and other parts of what is now Pakistan. Pakistan population density is 260.6 people per square kilometer (675.0/mi 2) as of December 2020. Punjabi is the primary language of the region, with several dialects spoken. [citation needed]. The Mughals left an indelible mark on the landscape of Punjab from 1556 to 1739 by commissioning the construction of great gardens, forts, tombs, baths and mosques such as the Shalimar Gardens,[45] Lahore Fort, Tomb of Jahangir, Tomb of Nur Jahan, Shahi Hammam, Akbari Sarai, Wazir Khan Mosque, and the Badshahi Mosque, all situated in Lahore, as well as arsuch as Hiran Minar and others elsewhere in Punjab. It is also dominant in the manufacturing sector, though the dominance is not as huge, with historical contributions ranging from a low of 44% to a high of 52.6%. Punjab also includes several mountainous regions, including the Sulaiman Mountains in the southwest part of the province, the Margalla Hills in the north near Islamabad, and the Salt Range which divides the most northerly portion of Punjab, the Pothohar Plateau, from the rest of the province. The province's economy has quadrupled since 1972. [54], Migration between Eastern and Western Punjab was continuous before independence. The majority of Pakistani Punjabis are Sunni Muslim, with minorities that include Ahmadi Muslim, Shia Muslim, and Christians. info); lit. ' Love legends of Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiban, Sohni Mahenwal and Saiful Mulk are sung in different styles. In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the tip of Punjab near present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, defeating King Porus. Later it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 327 BC, it subsequently became part of the Maurya Empire and then the Indo-Greek Kingdom. [46] In Punjab and Kashmir, the Marathas were now major players. ", "This shows that Taxila was a seat not of elementary, but higher, education, of colleges or a university as distinguished from schools. Jhang District- glance In 2009 the tehsil of Chiniot became the separate Chiniot District. With its contribution ranging from 52.1% to 64.5% in the Service Sector and 56.1% to 61.5% in the agriculture sector. The Population Welfare Department Punjab is striving to achieve the vision of population stabilization in the largest province of Pakistan through promoting family planning as an entitlement. Manufacturing includes machine products, cement, plastics, and various other goods. The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s, the weather pattern has been irregular. Those living in Southern and Western Punjab are also a lot more dependent on agriculture due to lower levels of industrialisation in those regions. Complete information about Population of every zilla of Pakistan. In Pakistani Punjab, non-tribal social distinctions are primarily based on traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans, as opposed to rigid social stratifications. Ukmediacentre.pwc.com. Punjab (Urdu: صوبہ پنجاب ‎) is a province in Pakistan. Punjab reached the height of its splendour during the reign of the Mughal Empire, which for a time ruled from Lahore. [35][36][37] Agriculture flourished and trading cities (such as Multan and Lahore) grew in wealth. The size of each state/province in Punjab with estimated populations are: Punjab, India: 21 million (60% Sikhs, 35% Hindus, 2% Muslims) The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. Punjab's region temperature ranges from −2° to 45 °C, but can reach 50 °C (122 °F) in summer and can touch down to −10 °C in winter. The foothills of the Himalayas are found in the extreme north as well, and feature a much cooler and wetter climate, with snowfall common at higher altitudes. Lahore and Gujranwala Divisions have the largest concentration of small light engineering units. In Jhelum 35 British soldiers of the HM XXIV regiment were killed by the local resistance during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.[53]. The rise of Islam also brought many settlers from Kashmir, Arabia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Mongolia into the area. Punjab, Pakistan: 80 million (95% Muslims). [2][ "PricewaterhouseCoopers Media Centre". District at a glance Vehari. Ranjit Singh expanded his empire so that by his death in 1839 his empire included most of Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Kashmir. Buddhist art spread from Gandhara to other parts of Asia. A specimen of the sixteenth century tile-work at Lahore is the tomb of Sheikh Musa Ahangar, with its brilliant blue dome. The major language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in a Perso-Arabic script in Pakistan). [92] Various literary festivals and fairs are organised in many places. Tabulation of data to meet specific demand … By the 1900s Western Punjab was predominantly Muslim and supported the Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. The fairs and festivals of Punjab reflect the entire gamut of its folk life and cultural traditions. The mystic folk songs include the Kafees of Khwaja Farid in Saraiki, Punjabi and the Shalooks by Baba Farid. The crafts in the Punjab are of two types: the crafts produced in the rural areas and the royal crafts. 1 June 2005. The primary cities of Gandhara were Puruṣapura (Peshawar), Takṣaśilā (Taxila), and Pushkalavati (Charsadda). The first incursion into Northern Punjab occurred in the 11th century by the Ghaznavid ruler Mahmud of Ghazni who was the first Muslim ruler to conquer the Punjab in its entirety. The Muslim musicians have contributed a large number of ragas to the repository of classical music. Gandhara was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC. Punjab during the Mahabharata times was known as Panchanada. Other crops include rice, sugarcane, millet, corn, oilseeds, pulses, vegetables, and fruits such as kinoo. Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and formed a sophisticated Sikh Empire which lasted from 1799 to 1849. The Mughal emperor ceded control of the subahs that constituted Punjab namely the Lahore and Multan subahs over to Ahmad Shah Durrani. Six years later, the British East India Company declared war and, after, two wars, Punjab was annexed by the British. Faisalabad's GDP is projected to rise to $37 billion in 2025 at a growth rate of 5.7%, higher than the growth rates of 5.5% and 5.6% predicted for Karachi and Lahore. The Indo-Greek Kingdom or Graeco-Indian Kingdom was a Hellenistic kingdom covering most of the Punjab. Only a few monthly literary magazines constitute Punjabi press in Pakistan". Other important cities include Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Multan, Sialkot, Bahawalpur, Gujrat, Sheikhupura, Jhelum and Sahiwal. The Punjabis followed different faiths throughout history, mainly a non-Brahmanical form of Hinduism and Buddhism,[42] however Islam had the biggest impact on the region culturally. Azim Khan retreated to Kabul where he died shortly thereafter due to grief. All Ministers report to the Chief Minister, who is the Chief Executive. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. Starting in the 1980s, large numbers of Punjabis migrated to the Middle East, Britain, Spain, Canada and the United States for economic opportunities, forming the large Punjabi diaspora, resulting in growing economic ties between Punjab and these countries. 7. The province is the breadbasket of the country as well as home to the largest ethnic group in Pakistan, the Punjabis. Under Kanishka, Gandhara became a holy land of Buddhism and attracted Chinese pilgrims eager to view the monuments associated with many Jatakas. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Pakistan divided by total area of the country. Timur Shah Durrani, the son and viceroy of Ahmad Shah Durrani, was driven out of Punjab. It forms a part of the folk music through mystic messages. [24] Several UNESCO World Heritage Sites are located in Punjab, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the archaeological excavations at Taxila, and the Rohtas Fort.[25]. In the composition of classical ragas, there are such masters as Malika-i-Mauseequi (Queen of Music) Roshan Ara Begum, Ustad Amanat Ali Khan, Salamat Ali Khan and Ustad Fateh Ali Khan. (born at Nankana Sahib). A coalition was formed against Alexander by the Cathians, the people of Multan, who were very skilful in war. After fighting Ahmad Shah Durrani in the later eighteenth century, the Sikh Misls took control of Punjab and its capital Lahore was captured by the Bhangi Misl. &. Multan (Punjab, Pakistan): 2.6 million. They generally mark the death anniversary of the saint. The shrine of Heer Ranjha in Jhang is one of the most visited shrines in Punjab. [93] Maues first conquered Gandhara and Taxila around 80 BCE, but his kingdom disintegrated after his death. Dube, I. This is a chart of the education market of Punjab estimated by the government in 1998. He had his capital at Sagala in the Punjab (present-day Sialkot). The Government of Punjab is a provincial government in the federal structure of Pakistan, is based in Lahore, the capital of the Punjab Province. District wise population of Pakistan according to Census 2017 . The most famous of the romantic love songs are Mayhiah, Dhola and Boliyan. ... Punjab Population Clock. Today, most Punjab is made up of Dalits, Arains, Ahirs, Gujjars, Jatts, Khatris, Rajputs and Maliks. Among the Punjabi poets, the names of Baba Farid, Shah Hussain, Sultan Bahu, Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah and Mian Muhammad Baksh are well known. In the acronym P-A-K-I-S-T-A-N, the P is for Punjab.[57][58]. ], Agnes Ziegler, Akhtar Mummunka (2006) The final Frontier: unique photographs of Pakistan. In 1818 Nawab Muzaffar Khan was killed by the Sikhs at the Battle of Multan after putting up stout resistance for many years. The hardest part of the summer is then over, but cooler weather does not come until late October. In 1998, Punjab’s share in the total population was 55.62%. It was merged into a single province West Pakistan. The Indo-Scythian king Maues invaded Indo-Greek territories in Punjab and established an Indo-Scythian empire. Lahore is the biggest district of Pakistan by Population and Harnai is the smallest district of Pakistan by Population. On these occasions, devotees assemble in large numbers and pay homage to the memory of the saint. Punjab was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, more than 4000 years ago.[32]. The Provincial Assembly of the Punjab is a unicameral legislature of elected representatives of the province of Punjab, which is located in Lahore in eastern Pakistan. Parts of Punjab first came into contact with Islam after the Umayyad Caliphate commander Muhammad bin Qasim defeated Raja Dahir in 711 and expanded into southern Punjab. The Sikh World: An Encyclopedia Survey of Sikh Religion and Culture: Ramesh Chander Dogra and Urmila Dogra; Khawar Mumtaz, Yameema Mitha, Bilquis Tahira (2003) Pakistan: Tradition and Change. There are 7,355 units for processing of agricultural raw materials including food and feed industries. The tile-work of Emperor Shah Jahan is of a richer and more elaborate nature. The capital and largest city is Lahore which was the historical capital of the wider Punjab region. The Punjab region thereafter became an important region of learning and culture in the eastern Islamic world attracting scholars, artisans and poets. It was here that some of the earliest signs of humans have been discovered during the excavations of prehistoric mounds. Although official estimates rarely place the temperature above 46 °C, newspaper sources claim that it reaches 51 °C and regularly carry reports about people who have succumbed to the heat. New factories were established in Lahore, Sargodha, Multan, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Wah and Rawalpindi. Turning to the northeast, Alexander marched to Pucela, the capital of the district now known as Pakhli. S. (2009). These mainly fall in the following categories: Religious fairs are held on special days of Islamic significance like Eid ul-Adha, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi, Shahb-e-Barat, Ashura, Laylat al-Qadr and Jumu'ah-tul-Wida. However, Alexander had to encounter and reduce the tribes on the border of Punjab before entering the luxuriant plains. Between 711 and 713 CE, 18-year-old Arab Sultan Muhammad bin Qasim came to the region to defeat Raja Dahir, conquering the Sindh and Punjab areas and bringing Islam to the region for the first time. In Pakistani Punjab, non-tribal social distinctions are primarily based on traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans, as opposed to rigid social stratifications. Average rainfall annual ranges between 96 cm sub-mountain region and 46 cm in the plains. Weather extremes are notable from the hot and barren south to the cool hills of the north. Are we to live or perish forever? The city of Sirkap founded by Demetrius combines Greek and Indian influences without signs of segregation between the two cultures. The Population mentioned in table below is full district. The kingdom was founded when the Graeco-Bactrian king Demetrius invaded the subcontinent early in the 2nd century BC. All Secretaries report to the Chief Secretary of Punjab, who is usually a BPS-22 Civil Servant. Punjab contributes about 76% to annual food grain production in the country. Despite its tropical wet and dry climate, extensive irrigation makes it a rich agricultural region. The major and native language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in the Shahmukhi script - one of the oldest scripts used for writing Punjabi) and Punjabis comprise the largest ethnic group in the country. The Punjab Mineral Development Corporation is running over a hundred economically viable projects. The Vedic civilisation flourished along the length of the Indus River. The number of textile units is 14,820. Read More. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. Employed Persons in Pakistan averaged 39594.79 Thousand from 1986 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 62230 Thousand in 2017 and a record low of 5580 Thousand in 2012. 0800-79300. consultant@pwd.punjab.gov.pk. Recently the province experienced one of the coldest winters in the last 70 years.[59]. The temple of Jandial, Taxila is usually interpreted as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the period of the Indo-Parthians. Ranjit Singh modernized his Sikh Khalsa army by using Franco-British principles and by employing veterans of the Napoleonic Wars to train the infantry in European style. The undivided Punjab region was home to six rivers, of which five flow through Pakistan's Punjab province. Sparse deserts can be found in southern Punjab near the border with Rajasthan and near the Sulaiman Range. Stay updated with latest happenings and news. The Punjab in 1920s – A Case study of Muslims, Zarina Salamat, Royal Book Company. [30] The five rivers, namely Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, flow via the Panjnad River into the Indus River and eventually into the Arabian Sea. ; Background paper for the Education for all global monitoring report 2006: literacy for life; 2005", "Rural women uphold Pakistan's literacy rate", Punjabi Parchar spreads colours of love at Visakhi Mela, "Asthma treatment in Pakistani salt mine", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjab,_Pakistan&oldid=991482446, States and territories established in 1970, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Katasraj Mandir is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in the Chakwal District. Initial estimates estimated the population at 210–220 million. Contact Us. In the Soan River, many fossil bearing rocks are exposed on the surface. The Sikh Empire was established in 1799 under the rule of Ranjit Singh with his capital based in Lahore, until its defeat by the British. A History of Indian Literature: Hindi Literature from its Beginning to the Nineteenth Century. Evaluation of census results. World Population > India Population Punjab Population Punjab is a state of India, located in norther part of India bordered by Jammu and Kashmir in the north, pakistan on the west, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the west, Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. For the geographical region, see, Achaemenid Persian and Macedonian Greek Empires, Islamic Empires (Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate and Mughals), Religious and seasonal fairs and festivals. 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